Tensile Stress and strain

Tensile Stress and Strain


Tensile Stress and Strain
Fig. 1 Tensile Stress and Strain

When a body is subjected to two equal and opposite axial pulls P (also called tensile load) as shown in Fig. 1 (a), then the stress induced at any section of the body is known as tensile stress as shown in Fig. 1 (b). A little consideration will show that due to the tensile load, there will be a decrease in cross-sectional area and an increase in length of the body. The ratio of the increase in length to the original length is known as tensile strain.

Let, P = Axial tensile force acting on the body,
A = Cross-sectional area of the body,
l = Original length, and
δl = Increase in length.

∴ Tensile stress, σt = P/A
and                        tensile strain,   ε t = δl / l



A textbook of Machine Design by R.S.Khurmi and J.K.Gupta

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