PREPAID ELECTRICITY BILLING SYSTEM USING GSM MOBILE.
The present practice of electricity billing is manual method only. With this, the total billing is a time consuming process and it requires more manpower. The collection of billing is late procedure and so many consumers may not pay in time. Disconnecting of unpaid connections is also manual. Due to all these drawbacks we cannot have proper auditing.
Lack of awareness on power consumption and also the present energy meters displays only units, so the user cannot plan his usage of power. To avoid all these problems, we are introducing this system.
In this system, a micro controller is interfaced with an energy metering circuit, keypad and a display, to display total units and balance amount, a contactor to make or break power line, and a buzzer indicator. At the sub-station end, a PC is connected with all energy meters using any communication channel.
When the user pays money, he gets a recharge code. When he enters the code, the meter verifies the code with substation and on confirmation; it starts counting the no. of units and reduces the card amount relatively. On completion of amount, it disconnects the line automatically with an alarm prior to that. The consumption data, card status and line status are transmitted to substation for auditing.
With this system, we can determine the difference between the actual power consumed and sold power easily. With this we can easily identify the tampered areas and we can avoid power thefting.
The short message system (SMS) of a standard mobile phone can be used for much more than just exchanging cryptic message. This application finds a humble mobile working in a remote site monitoring and controlling external equipments. The SMS service provides by the service providers are comparatively low cost. Hence the system is highly efficient and low cost.
Thus the system provides an excellent hold as per industrial motion control systems. Mobile phones have become a widespread means of communication. It becomes a part of everyday life with ever more people enjoying the service and extra freedom they provide. It works on the basis of Global System for Mobile Communication (GSM). A subscriber from any systems can access telecommunication services by using a Subscriber Identity Module (SIM) card in a handset suitable for the network on the visited system
The Short Message Service allows text messages to be sent and received to and from mobile telephones. The text can comprise words or numbers or an alphanumeric combination. Because Simple person – to – person messaging is such an important component of total SMS traffic volumes, anything that simplifies message generation as well as extended utility of the SMS being sent is an important enabler of Short Message Service. Such extended utility of SMS fulfills certain important requirements.
Now a days no one is using this type of system in India, but in future in order to save the energy and get systems automated we should use this type of intelligent system. Wastage of power is inevitable in large industries. This is because the existing system provides no check on the consumption and therefore there is a tendency to be careless. If there was a system that allotted a fixed ration of power for a period then the workers would be more careful thereby minimizing the electricity loss.
In this project, the present billing system was eliminated completely and a new system namely prepaid billing system was introduced for embedded applications which overcomes the drawbacks in present billing system. If this system comes in our day to day life it will be useful for both the Government and the public.
UNDERSTANDING OF: Embedded Controller, ADC Module, LCD Module, Keypad, Energy Meter, Serial Communication, Keil Compiler.
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